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cappadocia

Places To Visit

Think of such a place that it offers a holiday full of special activities at any time of the day. Let it fascinate with its natural beauties, dazzle with its history, and make brand new discoveries with its culture. Cappadocia vacation expectations, which is one of Turkey's most popular holiday destinations for the higher "good enough" with features that will make us manage to attract millions of tourists every year.

The saying that "places to visit in Cappadocia are countless" is not an exaggeration. The landmarks, museums, special points for viewing the scenery, valleys, national parks, underground cities, churches, museums and historical places in this settlement dating back thousands of years fascinate those who see it. Although there are many places to visit in the region, the popularity of some spots is international.

The chapels, churches and living spaces carved into the rocks await local and foreign tourists at the Göreme Open Air Museum. Güvercinlik Valley, which stretches for 4 kilometers, amazes with its unique vegetation. While the most unique images of fairy chimneys turn into a visual feast in Güllüdere Valley, romance lovers can take their breath to Love Valley. Those who want to enjoy watching with Sarnıç Church, Görkündere Church, Saklı Church and El Nazar Church can have a unique experience in Zemi Valley while walking.

Uçhisar Castle welcomes those who want to dominate Cappadocia with all its majesty, and history enthusiasts cannot leave Cappadocia without visiting the Tığraz Castle, which has seven floors and interconnected tunnels.

In addition to all these historical and natural beauties, the pottery workshops identified with Avanos must be visited. Pottery workshops, where the soil is shaped with great skill and this experience is offered to the visitors, mediate unforgettable moments.

Places to visit in Cappadocia are enriched with underground cities. Underground cities such as Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı, Gaziemir await those who want to discover magical clues about the lives of past civilizations.

Göreme Open Air Museum
Göreme

It is the museum of Cappadocia that attracts much attention. In Göreme, which has many places of worship, the texture of each church and monastery differs according to their periods. Göreme region, which is the retreat of past thinkers and monks, has also become the land that inspired Saint Basil the Great.

Göreme Open Air Museum was included in the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1985. Its historical and natural texture is meticulously preserved and maintenance is ongoing. The museum, which stands out in relief with the increasing number of tourists every year, is visited by more than 1 million people every year and this number is constantly increasing.

Monastic life has been lived for centuries. The frequency of the dining halls and places of worship in the region, which hosts intense monk life between the 4th and 13th centuries AD, is remarkable. With this form of life, the region became the first point of monastery education system.

1000-year old Tokali Church, which is the largest rock church in Cappadocia, is located here. The structure is quite interesting and consists of 4 separate sections. It amazes people with its frescoes and architectural features that are still alive. Many scenes such as the Ascension of the Prophet Jesus and the Descent into Hell decorate the church walls.

One of the most remarkable buildings of Göreme Open Air Museum is the Dark Church dating back to the 12th century. The frescoes are quite evident since the structure does not receive too much light. The church consists of columns inside, also has a dome. Many scenes staged on the walls are from the history of Christianity and the Torah. It is forbidden to take photos in order to protect the building.

You should definitely see the churches and monasteries which have unique stories and architectural features; Priests and Sisters Monasteries, Elmalı “the Apple Church”, Saint Barbara Chapel, St. Basil's Church, Snake Church and Çarıklı “the Church with Sandals” are also located in this region.

For further information and e-ticket click here. 

 

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Zelve & Paşabağları Open Air Museum
Avanos

In the Zelve Valley, which houses large and pointed fairy chimneys, you can see many ancient structures. You can come across monasteries, cave houses, and churches made by human carving. While touring the Zelve Open Air Museum, you can also consider trekking through the rugged areas of the valley.

After all this, the last thing you need to do in the valley is to attend the fascinating Zelve Mapping Show. 3D Mapping Show; is the reflection of the special animation contents prepared in accordance with natural texture through projection devices on the fairy chimneys. In the show, you can watch the centuries-old history of the region and the development of civilizations chronologically. In addition to that, you can find Ottoman History, modern Turkey and the development of Cappadocia.

Paşabağ Valley, also known as the Valley of the Priests, covers a very large area surrounded by mushroom-shaped fairy chimneys. The valley, which is frequented by many tourists, is one of the regions where the world famous fairy chimneys are the most intense and prominent. Its unique scenery and mystical atmosphere make every person who steps into the fairy-tale land deep in thought.

As can be understood from its other name, in ancient times, Christian clergymen lived and served as missionaries in Paşabağları. The priests, who retreated here, have created living spaces and religious shrines in the valley throughout their lives. There is also a historical carved church estimated to have been built 1000 years ago. The church among the mushroom-headed fairy chimneys will make its visitors feel its mystical feelings.

After entering the valley, you can see many retreats. When you go a little further, you will come across different fairy tale ways. You have to be sure that each road leads to a different story. You can collect and eat fruits from mulberry trees in Paşabağ Valley and witness the millions of years of nature's work.

Paşabağ Valley is located in Zelve Ruins, which is very easily accessible. The area known as the old religious center is 5 kms from Avanos and 1 kms from Paşabağ.

For further information and e-ticket, please click here.

 

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Kaymaklı Underground City
Kaymaklı

Kaymakli, one of the major underground cities of Cappadocia, consists of 8 floors. However, as in many underground cities, not all floors are open to tourists. In the city, the first floor is separated for the animals to go out easily. Establish a connection between the churches and other living spaces with the corridors separated from the stables. Kaymakli Underground City, which has astounding sections such as warehouses, kitchens, cemeteries, mughouse, and copper processing workshop, still contains hidden underground tunnels that have not been fully revealed.

For further information and e-ticket please visit click here.

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Derinkuyu Underground City
Derinkuyu

Derinkuyu, the largest underground city of Cappadocia, consists of 12 floors according to the information available. However, the permission of visitors is up to the 8th floor. This depth goes down to about 50 meters underground. In Derinkuyu Underground City, where there are more than 50 water wells, there is a natural ventilation system that prevents pollution from clean water during wartime. Therefore, some chimneys have no connection with the earth.

It is not possible for two people to move side by side due to the corridors and floors being quite narrow. The main reason for this is thought to be the need to quickly close the connection roads during the raid. This process is provided by round bolt stones that can not be opened from outside.

Derinkuyu also inholds a church carved on its second floor and offers a different world where 50.000 people can live together.

For further information and e-ticket please click here.

 

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Uçhisar
Uçhisar
Uçhisar Castle

Uçhisar, located 5 kilometers away from Nevşehir center, is known as the biggest and most salient fairy chimney of Cappadocia. You can watch Cappadocia from a bird's eye view at Uçhisar Castle; Valleys, castles, Göreme Open Air Museum and Avanos can enchant those who meet at this point with all their beauty.

The castle, one of the permanent destinations of those who visit Cappadocia, exceedingly meets the expectations of those who want to witness all the beauties of Cappadocia. The district, which is the only place where Erciyes and Hasan Mountains can be seen together, has been in existence since the Roman Empire period.

Houses, shelters, cisterns, tombs and cellars were carved into the castle, which consists of two fairy chimneys adjacent to each other. The castle has been the most important defense and shelter point against Arab raids in the region.

In addition to its mystical beauty, Uçhisar Castle continues to be the center of attention for local and foreign tourists, as it is one of the most important places where the sunset view can be enjoyed. When the valleys surrender to the evening glow, the visual feast it creates makes Uçhisar a unique romance point. For this reason, Uçhisar Castle is always at the heart of the list of places to visit in Cappadocia.

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Three Beauties Fairy Chimneys
Ürgüp

Ürgüp - One of the most important symbols of Cappadocia, the Legend of Three Beauties takes its name from the fairy chimney of two adults and a child. So why have we defined these fairy chimneys as adults and a child? When you learn the legend, you will fully understand what we mean.

Rumor has it that a king and princess lived in Cappadocia. The beautiful princess, the daughter of the king, fell in love with a shepherd. However, the king can not give approval for this love. Because the person she falls in love with is a shepherd. The arrogant king, who does not want to marry his princess girl with a shepherd and opposes his daughter to marry despite all her insistence. Realizing that she can not convince her father, the princess runs away with her beloved one night. After the escape, the shepherd and the noble young girl also have a child.

After all, the princess considers visiting her father, thinking that the stubbornness of the king will be broken after the baby is born. However, the cruel king, who learns that he has a grandson, gets even angrier and maddened. He instructs his soldiers to find the daughter and the shepherd. The poor princess and her family, who are cornered by the soldiers who follow them, realize that they can no longer escape. At that moment, she prayed to God and made a preacher and waited for a miracle for her family to stay together. In the fairy tale, the princess's wish came true and all the family turned into immortal fairy chimneys. It is believed that the foremost is the shepherd, the middle one is the child, and the one in the back is the princess.

In this story, the Three Beauties, which is thought to be symbolizing the family, were believed that the families without children would come here and have children by going up and down the slope next to these fairy chimneys 7 times.

According to another legend, it is a love story in which they could not come together and the friendship of fairies and people. Evil giants living in Cappadocia used to scare people by blowing flames over the mountains and burning their houses. The sultan of the fairies, who happen to pass through the Cappadocia Three Beauties region, wanted to help people when he saw this situation. The fairies managed to extinguish the fire with the ice and snow they brought from the top of the mountains by working for days. After the giants entered the underground, a warm ambiance formed between humans and fairies. And fairies started living in fairy chimneys as neighbors with people.

After a while, the son of the king "Revan" and the daughter of the fairy sultan "Gülperi" fell in love. However, people decided to frown on this love and fight fairies. The sultan left Cappadocia because he did not want to fight people. However, thinking that people can not cope with giants, he ordered all fairies to be pigeons and stay with them. Gülperi also turned into a white dove and settled on the window of Revan's room every day. Revan, unaware of what happened, thought she abandoned him. He waited until the end of his life. He took the pigeon on his palms and met his longing for Gülperi with love and caressed her.

These 3 fairy chimneys, which are the most important figures of Cappadocia, are one of the most photographed places in the region. The bodies that turn to stone get a very artistic and lively appearance, especially with the night lighting. Including the view of the imposing Mount Erciyes, Three Beauties presents a fascinating palette of colors that breathtaking at sunset.

 

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Devrent Valley
Ürgüp

Devrent Valley, surrounded by surreal fairy chimneys, is a must-see place for every local and foreign tourist. The resemblance of the fairy chimneys to animals in Devrent Valley takes anyone who wants to go on a fantastic journey on a dream trip. You can see fairy chimneys resembling many animal figures as if you’re walking around the zoo. The giant camel-shaped fairy chimney is one of the most important symbols of the valley. It is also possible to see figures resembling humans in the valley where you will witness nature's sculpting artistry.

The name ‘’Devrent Valley’’ means "pit and cliff". But contrary to this connotation, the valley is entirely filled with fascinating scenery. You can do trekking and horse safari, and dream by the moonlight at dusk. If you want to take a break in this natural beauty, there are shops where you can get some snacks and souvenirs.

Devrent Valley is located on the Urgup road between Avanos and Urgup regions. You can reach Dream Valley right after you pass Zelve Open-Air Museum. You can arrive at the valley by local methods of transportation or your private vehicle.

 

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Red Valley
Ortahisar

Kızılçukur Valley, with its viewing terrace, is one of the areas where the most special views of Cappadocia can be observed. It has such a fascinating appearance with its red hues that it makes you feel as if in a living space from another planet.

Red Valley offers trekking and nature walks in a magnificent riot of colors. You can enjoy walking on another planet for about 2 hours. We can say that photography enthusiasts can capture thousands of frames during the tour. You can also visit many historical churches and witness history. You can watch a fantastic sunrise with the balloon tours organized in the first lights of the morning. You can explore the valley with horse-drawn safari and ATV vehicles and participate in unlimited activities.

The to-do list in Kızılçukur Valley is quite high. At sunset, the red painting of the entire valley becomes extraordinary. You should not forget to watch the volcanic rocks in a rich color palette from the special viewing terrace. Do not forget to photograph this color feast where you can come across fairy chimneys of all colors.

The valley is located in Göreme National Park and its transportation is very easy. You can rent a car or use local transportation to go to Kızılçukur.

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Nevşehir Kayaşehir Castle
Nevşehir

Kayaşehir came about by chance when the urban transformation project was being carried out in 2014. The region, which has been declared an archaeological site, is a huge living space with a rock-carved church decorated with frescoes, passage tunnels and nearly a thousand rooms. It is also the world's largest slope/hillside habitat. As a result of archaeological excavations; military, religious and social habitats such as waterways, rock-cut tombs, tunnels, and shelter areas have been unearthed.

 

Under the magnificent view of Kayaşehir Castle, which houses one of the world's largest underground cities, perhaps the largest, where thousands of people can live. With the work done, 1271 historical artifacts were unearthed. The castle, which was built on one of the highest points of the city, used materials made of volcanic rocks and tuffs. The building, which is one of the symbols of the region, has a magnificent city view.

 

Kayaşehir is located at the center of Nevşehir, in an area that is very easily accessible. You can step into the impressive living space from the city center by car or on foot.

 

 

 

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Ürgüp
Ürgüp
Ürgüp Temenni Hill

Ürgüp Temenni Hill is one of the must-visit locations in Cappadocia, with its unique ruins and its ability to possess the Cappadocia landscape.

The hill, which is located in the center of Ürgüp and is one of the first destinations that comes to mind when it comes to panoramic viewing of Cappadocia, is located at an altitude of 80 meters. Attracting the attention of local and foreign tourists, Temenni Hill is a popular destination for those who want to wish and photograph the beauty of Cappadocia.

There is no vehicle to go to the hill, vehicles must be parked near Cami Kebir. The scenery witnessed even while climbing up Temenni Hill is simply fascinating.

There is also a very important feature that makes Ürgüp Temenni Hill special. Kılıçarslan Tomb is located on this hill. There are also mausoleums in the tomb, which was opened to visitors in 2013 after necessary arrangements were made. Seljuk sultans who escaped from throne fights and Mongol raids and took refuge in Ürgüp are thought to have been captured and killed in the area.. On the western slope of the hill is the St. Georgios Church. Although all the walls of this ruin have been demolished and only the carving hall remains, this work is still worth seeing.

Ürgüp Grand Mosque

Both natural beauties and historical ruins fascinate those who come to Cappadocia. While the historical artifacts built in different periods complement the texture of the region, it continues to be the center of attention of local and foreign tourists.

Ürgüp Grand Mosque is also among the must-visit destinations in Cappadocia. Ulu Mosque and Madrasa, built by Karamanlı Taşkın Pasha as a reflection of the tradition of the Ulu Mosque from the Seljuks, has survived to this day.

There is no exact information about the architect of the building built on a square-like plan. There are two tombs in the courtyard of the mosque and one of the tombs is known to belong to Karamanlı Taşkın Pasha.

There are many locations in Cappadocia that those who are excited about culture and faith tourism can visit except the Ürgüp Grand Mosque. Cappadocia, which has hosted many different civilizations since ancient times and has important destinations for Muslims as well as Christians, makes every step a new discovery. If you turn your route to Cappadocia, you can see the unique Cappadocia artifacts closely and experience a holiday experience that is impossible to forget in a lifetime.

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Avanos
Avanos

Avanos is one of the most visited location in Cappadocia and popular with its Pottery, Swinging Bridge and Red River.

Although Avanos pottery seems to be easily shaped in the hands of masters, there is no doubt that their production is quite difficult. Pottery requires creativity, skill, and of course patience is a must in this art. In a magical place like Cappadocia, you should try the production of world famous Avanos pottery to reveal the artist within you and to witness this art. By making pottery, you can both calm down and get away from your stress and have a brand new experience.  

Crossing the Swinging Bridge in Avanos

Walking on the Avanos Swinging Bridge is one of the symbolic activities that you should add to your list of things to do in Cappadocia. You should also enjoy taking pictures on the wooden bridge, which is seen as the symbol of Avanos. In order to enjoy the calm and beauty of the river, you should not forget to spend time in the cafeterias located on both legs of the bridge. Maybe you can see the cute surprises waiting for you while having a pleasant time here…

Walking on the Edge of Kızılırmak

Kızılırmak has an atmosphere that you will want to spend time with its peaceful current during your visit to Cappadocia. As we have just said, on this river, you can go on a pleasant journey by gondola, or you can meet your adrenaline expectations by taking a jet boat tour. You can also experience an unforgettable romance if you walked on the edge. You should add a walk along Kızılırmak, which is one of the must-do activities for those who go to Cappadocia, to your list. Kızılırmak will welcome you with the guarantee of having fun, relaxation and wonderful moments. Every step you take along the river will introduce you to the traces of past civilizations.

Feeding the Geese

Kızılırmak hosts dozens of creatures and it is possible to encounter geese in the region. You should also try feeding the goose, which is one of the favorite activities of those who visit Cappadocia. While feeding the geese living on the island on Kızılırmak, you will return to the excitement of your childhood days and you will have great pleasure when you hear the sounds they make from joy. While experiencing the most special moments of your Cappadocia trip, you should not forget to take lots of photos!

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Paşabağları
Avanos

Paşabağ Valley, also known as the Valley of the Priests, covers a very large area surrounded by mushroom-shaped fairy chimneys. The valley, which is frequented by many tourists, is one of the regions where the world famous fairy chimneys are the most intense and prominent. Its unique scenery and mystical atmosphere make every person who steps into the fairy-tale land deep in thought.

 

As can be understood from its other name, in ancient times, Christian clergymen lived and served as missionaries in Paşabağları. The priests, who retreated here, have created living spaces and religious shrines in the valley throughout their lives. There is also a historical carved church estimated to have been built 1000 years ago. The church among the mushroom-headed fairy chimneys will make its visitors feel its mystical feelings.

 

After entering the valley, you can see many retreats. When you go a little further, you will come across different fairy tale ways. You have to be sure that each road leads to a different story. You can collect and eat fruits from mulberry trees in Paşabağ Valley and witness the millions of years of nature's work.

 

Paşabağ Valley is located in Zelve Ruins, which is very easily accessible. The area known as the old religious center is 5 kms from Avanos and 1 kms from Paşabağ.

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Göreme Panoramic View Point
Göreme

Cappadocia has a worldwide reputation for its cultural and natural beauties. Fairy chimneys, settlements carved into the rocks, valleys reflecting the dance of colors, extraordinary soil structure, luxurious cave hotels and the Open Air Museum, which has witnessed history, give this destination a well-deserved recognition. There are various panoramic viewing points to explore Cappadocia from the shortest way and witness all its beauties, and among these, Göreme Panoramic View Point continues to be the most preferred.

Göreme panoramic viewing point fascinates those who want to watch the beauty of Cappadocia and the sunrise and sunset with its generosity. The most practical way to enjoy the beauty of the Cappadocia valleys, the uniqueness of the fairy chimneys and the balloons that add color to the sky is to go to the panoramic viewpoint of Göreme. The panoramic viewing point, which welcomes those who want to relax with an insatiable view, is quite crowded. This location, which is always fun with tourists from many countries, becomes the center of warm meetings and conversations. We strongly recommend those who come to Cappadocia: Do not leave Cappadocia without visiting the Göreme Panoramic Viewpoint!

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Çavuşin Village (Çavuşin Church)
Avanos

Çavuşin Valley takes its name from Çavuşin Village in its region. The village, built among large rocks, is home to a long history. The village, with its history dating back to the first century, is the area where Christian monks escaped from Roman attacks. Living spaces have been built inside the rocks to protect them from attacks. Living people used pigeon manure by explaining cavities in the chimneys due to inefficient soils. With the Byzantine period, Christianity lived freely, and with the coming of the Seljuks, it gained a place in Islam in the region. Churches, monasteries and mosques were built, the foundations of the brotherhood of religions were laid.

 

There are many religious buildings that you should definitely visit in Çavuşin Village. You should absolutely have a look at the Çavuşin Church, the Crusader Church, the Church of St. Jean, the Church of the Three Crosses and the Church of St. John the Baptist. You can see centuries-old frescoes and depictions in these churches. You can also see the graves made for the deceased more closely. You will step into a different world while visiting these churches with their history of over a thousand years.

 

Ceramic and pottery workshops, where you will witness the handiwork of the local people, are one of the main livelihoods of the village. In these workshops, you can experience pottery and pottery making as in old times and have an unforgettable memory. The village is located very close to Goreme. It is 2 km away on the Goreme-Avanos route.

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Saruhan Caravanserai
Ürgüp

Cappadocia, which has hosted many different civilizations for thousands of years and gained a worldwide reputation with the artifacts left by these civilizations, is one of the destinations that must be visited in a period of life. There are many places to visit in Cappadocia, many historical ruins and special viewing points that make it possible to have a wonderful holiday experience. Saruhan Caravanserai stands out as one of the must-see places for those who visit Cappadocia.

Saruhan Caravanserai is located within the borders of Avanos district of Nevşehir.This caravanserai, built in 1249 during the period of Izzettin Keykavus II., bears the traces of Seljuk architecture. Saruhan Caravanserai, which became an important part of the caravanserai trade routes planned in a classical structure, was built with light brown, yellow and pink cut stones. This building, which spreads over an area of ​​approximately 2000 square meters, is a single storey but has a magnificent entrance door. Five doors open to the courtyard of the caravanserai, which has a mixed type of architecture, three doors are the main door and they have a visual quality that can be considered as a work of art.

If you want to witness the history and take in the beautiful atmosphere of the period, you can add the Saruhan Caravansary to your Cappadocia trip route.

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Hacı Bektaş-i Veli Mausoleum
Hacıbektaş

Hacıbektaş, one of the most visited areas of Nevşehir, deserves to be a favorite of tourists with its sculptures as well as its spiritual atmosphere.


The Cappadocia region, which has been home to Christian clergy for centuries, has also become a home for Hacı Bektaş-i Veli, one of the most important names in the Islamic world. Hacı Bektaş-i Veli is one of the greatest Turkish Sufis who lived in the 13th century. 

Unlike an ordinary historical building, Hacı Bektaş-i Veli Mausoleum is very important, as it is the center where Bektashism emerged. It has been nominated for the UNESCO World Heritage List. You can see the manuscripts, calligraphy samples and items belonging to the Bektashi order in the Hacı Bektaş-i Veli Museum. The mausoleum is architecturally divided into 3 separate courtyards. Nadar Courtyard, stands out as a very large garden. In Dergah Avli, you can see the Mosque, Fountain, House and Mansions, Square Pool and Historical Arches. When you step into the Hazrat Courtyard, you will see the tomb of Hacı Bektaş-i Veli. While visiting the museum, you can visit many areas, from the rooms where dhikr is made to the halls where science is produced.

 

During the trip, you will be visiting an important center of Islamic history, feeling the mystical atmosphere of the building. In order to pass through the doors in the complex, it is often necessary to bend down. The reason why the doors were made so low was that the head was bowed and it meant respect. The tomb is located 60 kms from Nevşehir.

 

Hacı Bektaş Çilehanesi

 

It is said that Hacı Bektaş Veli occasionally stayed in a small cave with an entrance and exit, located high above.

 

The cave entrance, which is located on a sloping hill about 3 kilometers east of the district center, is wide enough to walk easily. Inside the cave, there is a hole that opens out and is of a size that can hardly be passed through. There are also widely known beliefs about Hacıbektaş Çilehanesi. It is narrated that people with sins cannot pass through this hole and that impeccable ones can pass easily.

 

The district is also famous for the works around it. There is an arched fountain in the western part of the hill where Çilehane is located, there are Kulunç Kaya and Minder Kaya, which are thought to be connected with Hacı Bektaş Veli in a mythological sense. Minder Kaya took this name because of its shape and it is believed that Hacı Bektaş Veli was sitting on this rock.

 

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Ihlara Valley
Aksaray

Ihlara Valley is an impressive geological formation belonging to Aksaray province. Millions of years ago, it was formed by the erosion of the stream caused by the lava ejected as a result of the volcanic eruption in Hasandağı. The valley, which is about 18 km long, is one of the rare places that brings nature and art together with its natural vegetation and historical buildings. It has an average depth of 150 meters and a width of 200 meters. Ihlara Valley, where people lived in the past, is distinguished from other canyons in the world with this feature. The biggest reason why it is suitable for human life is that the Melendiz River gives life to the region. There are many churches from the past and living areas carved into the rocks.

 

To explore Ihlara Valley, where culture and civilization meet nature, you have to go down dozens of steps. After climbing down the steps, you will be listening to the flowing water and nature. Upon entering the depths of the valley, you can take a closer look at the chapels and the habitats inside the rocks. As the minutes pass, you will witness the strange energy of the valley that engulfs you to inspiration and makes you happy.

 

You can see Ihlara Valley in two different ways. The first is to watch the magnificent valley from the sky with a Balloon Tour from Cappadocia. The second is to embrace a wonderful adventure from beginning to the end with a full 18-kilometer hike.

 

 

 

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Selime Monastery
Aksaray

Located in Selime Town at the end of Ihlara Valley, the monastery is the largest castle monastery in the region. Selime Cathedral was built on 2 floors to make the first Christians able to worship secretly. Carved into the rocks, the monastery was used both as a place of worship and as a fortress against attacks.

 

Selime Monastery is the cathedral where clergymen were raised and the first loud ritual was held. There are traces of Byzantine architecture in the cathedral which is surrounded by fairy chimneys. The castle, which was used in the Seljuk Period later, is known as the region where the greatest struggles were fought against the Mongol invasion in Anatolia. It is possible to see more than 100 carved structures only around the monastery.

 

There is also a kitchen and a courtyard built inside the cathedral. The frescoes of Christ ascension and the Virgin Mary are still visible today.

 

The Selime region also contained a market place in the past. Therefore, there is a way for the safety of caravans inside the monastery. Loaded camels were taken to the middle of the cathedral and taken under protection.

 

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Çat Valley
Nevşehir

Çat Valley, one of the most colorful hiking trails of Cappadocia, is one of the most famous destinations where the beauty of Cappadocia can be seen for 7 kilometers. The valley got its name from the town of Çat with the same name. The valley, located 7 kilometers away from Nevşehir, has an impressive allure. The beauty of the valley, which fascinates every visitor with its view can be watched without getting bored for hours, must be crowned with a pleasant nature walk.

The valley extends in the north-south direction between Gülşehir Açıksaray ruins and Çat town. When the middle of the valley is reached, the trekkers have to make an important choice. In this region, Çat Valley and Fırınasma Valley intersect; those who want can continue to proceed from the Çat Valley. The starting point for the valley walk is the Çat town. In recent years, the fame of the town, which is one of the shining stars of Cappadocia, have been increasing.

There are many dovecotes carved into high rock walls up to the junction of Çat Valley and Fırınasma Valley. It is known that these pigeon houses were built by farmers to collect pigeon manure in ancient times. Some dovecotes have artistic embroideries, all details show that the Çat Valley should be added to the Cappadocia excursion route.

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Swords Valley
Göreme

Kılıçlar Valley takes its name from the fairy chimneys that look like swords. The valley, which attracts great attention from tourists, hosts trekking trails and safaris. Inside the valley, you will witness a tunnel of more than 250 meters long and very different shapes of fairy chimneys. In the region where the caves are very dense, you can see the beehives and pigeon nests of the past. Under the chirps of birds and fairy chimneys, you should make a journey to history to make up your day. You have to conquer the valley gradually, taking in the beauty of nature.

 

You can see 2 churches in Kılıçlar Valley where you will witness the vast religious history of Cappadocia. These churches are the Virgin Mary and Swords Church. The most prominent feature of the Kılıçlar Church is that it has different frescoes containing 33 scenes from the Bible. It is estimated that this church was built before the 10th century. The Church of Virgin Mary, as its name suggests, has unique frescoes of the Virgin Mary. However, you can see that many historical events such as the crucifixion of Christ are symbolized.

 

In the valley where there are not many options for shopping, you should meet your eating and drinking needs in advance. But in the summer, there are small kiosks where you can buy freshly squeezed orange and pomegranate juices from the local people. It is located opposite the Göreme Open Air Museum and its transportation is very easy.

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Zemi Valley
Göreme

Valley walks, where every person in nature is happy to be involved, is one of the favorite activities of adventure lovers around the world. Trekking routes, which are both enjoyable and challenging, can vary according to geographical differences. And, at the end of the courses, they provide their participants with satisfying feelings. Turkey has also hiking trails in many different regions. With its anthropic and geographical features, one of the most impressive is the Zemi Valley in Cappadocia.

If you want to join a 5600-meter dream starting from Urgup (Ürgüp) and extending to Goreme (Göreme), you should follow the Zemi Valley sign that you can see during your trip to Cappadocia. The valley route, which has a very simple starting route, will change as your steps increase, revealing the absolute harmony of history and nature to your eyes. Shortly after entering the valley, you will cross the landing points that will meet you and encounter another valley view. Your route, which will dazzle you with its ancient churches, historical ruins and dozens of trees, is accompanied by the sounds of water sources, crows of birds and steep rocks.

You will have to make small jumps over the waterways and walk through the steep rocks from time to time in the Zemi Valley, where it is very easy to walk through the path. While walking through the tunnels formed by the tuff cliffs, it will be quite fun to taste the fruits in the tree branches and you will wish your walk to never end.

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Mustafapasa (Sinasos) Village
Ürgüp

Mustafapaşa Town, which is among the untouched destinations of Cappadocia and not within 6 kilometers of Ürgüp and 25 kilometers from Nevşehir, is a Greek Village, formerly known as "Sinasos". This charming village, which is one of the must-see places in Cappadocia, is becoming popular with its history of rupture and its architectural features.

 

It is possible to come across impressive churches and chapels in Mustafapaşa Town. St. Vasilios, St. Stephen's Churches and St. Basil's Chapel, which hosted the Christian people until 1924 when the population change took place, created a dazzling effect. As a result of the fact that many civilizations have made this place home throughout history, it is possible to come across original examples of Seljuk and Ottoman architecture at the destination.

 

Mustafapaşa Village is one of the regions rich in places to visit. It is recommended to allocate time for destinations such as St. Nicholas Monastery, Mehmet Şakirpaşa Madrasa, Constantine Helena Church, Cappadocia Art and History Museum in the town, which is a must-see tour in Cappadocia. It can be said that stone mansions, which have become icons from the past to the present, also create a fascinating atmosphere for visitors.

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Keşlik Monastery
Ürgüp

About 17 km away from Ürgüp, in the Keşlik Monastery, there are two churches, a bezirhane, a winery, a kitchen, a dining hall, a school, a meeting room, a holy water source, and houses where monks and priests stay. It is thought that the monastery can accommodate 200 people. It is one of the mystical places that you should definitely see on your Cappadocia trip. One of the two churches in the monastery is dedicated to the archangel Archangelos and the other to St. Stephen, who is considered the first martyr of the Christian world. Archangelos Church is also called the Black Church because it is covered with soot. On the apse in the church, the last supper, the placing of Christ in the grave, the depictions of the Virgin Mary and Adam and Eve can be seen. St. Stefanos Church is located in a separate rock block. It is also called the Cross of the Church because of the cross on its ceiling.

 

Keşlik Monastery started to be built in the 3rd century with the spread of Christianity during the Roman Empire. Christian monks, who want to worship comfortably, have carved the rocks over time and gifted this huge structure to Cappadocia. Inside the sheltered caves, they were able to both protect themselves from attacks and perform Christian rituals.

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Soğanlı Valley
Kayseri

Soğanlı Valley has hosted all living species with its thousands of years of history. It is a first degree natural and archaeological site. It is a living history with its monasteries, caves and dovecotes built in the rocks… Especially the churches built in the Roman Period are very magnificent. The most famous ones of these churches are; St. Barbara (Tahtalı), Karabaş, Domed and Serpentine Church. In all these churches, there are frescoes with sections from the Bible. The Domed Church, one of the most famous structures of Soğanlı Valley, was built by processing the huge fairy chimney in the form of a dome.

 

In Soğanlı Valley, rag dolls hand-woven by the local people living in the region are very interesting. In addition, carpets with Turkish motifs and traditional items are also made. You can buy souvenirs from these shops and immortalize your trip. In addition to all these, there is also the chance to make a canyon trip in the valley.

 

Soğanlı Valley is located 60 km from Nevşehir. You will encounter a junction at the entrance to the region. The road on the left will lead to the village and the road on the right will lead to the historical churches. You can easily reach there with your private vehicle or with the help of touristic tour agencies.

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Acıgöl Hittite Inscriptions
Acıgöl

Acıgöl Hittite Scriptures, which should be seen by everyone who passes through Cappadocia, is one of the most popular treasures of Cappadocia.

Ağıllı Village, located within the borders of Acıgöl district of Nevşehir, contains important historical remains from the Hittites. Acıgöl Hittite Inscriptions, which are among the popular destinations of local and foreign tourists who want to witness the rich history of Cappadocia, are also called Topada Written Rock Monument.

The rock inscription belonging to the late Hittite period is from the 8-line text; these texts also consist of 400 words. The well-preserved inscription belongs to the Tabal period. Acıgöl Hittite Inscriptions, which are among the most important written sources due to their rich content and good condition, were engraved on the smoothed surface of a protruding rock. Each line of verse is separated by lines.

In the inscription, the struggles of King Wasusarma and his friends with eight different enemy kings and the victories achieved as a result of these struggles are described. It is also found in the inscriptions that these wars lasted more than three years. Although it is said to be well preserved, some words in the inscriptions have been damaged due to erosion factors and by humans.

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Taşkınpaşa Madrasah
Ürgüp

Taşkınpaşa Madrasah was built during the period of Karamanoğulları Principality. Although the date of its construction is not known exactly, it is estimated that it was completed in the 13th century. The madrasa is located in Damsa Village, 20 km away from Ürgüp. Taskin Pasha Complex consists of the mosque, the madrasa and the tombs in the courtyard of the mosque.

 

The mihrab, doors and windows of the mosque are built of smooth cut stones, and the walls are built with rubble stones. Although the upper cover has been completely destroyed, it is understood by the stairs to the left of the entrance that it has at least two floors. The rich stonework seen on the west side is in the classical Seljuk style. The main entrance door is completely decorated with geometric and floral motifs. The inscription that should be placed above the entrance is missing. To the right of the low arched entrance is the mosque of the madrasa. Like its mihrab, it is decorated with rich floral motifs. The upper part is decorated with palmettes and the double border with floral motifs.

 

Taşkınpaşa Mosque's mihrab, which is exhibited in Ankara Ethnography Museum, made of walnut inlaid technique, is important because it is the only remaining wooden example. The architecture of the Anatolian Principalities has a unique interior and exterior appearance you can not witness in other geography that fascinates people all over the world.

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Güzelyurt
Aksaray

Güzelyurt, formerly known as Gelveri, is one of the shining pearls of the region that has hosted many ancient civilizations. Gelveri stands out with its characteristic houses. Cappadocia houses made by carving the rocks and historical Greek stone buildings stand together. It hosted great civilizations such as Hittites, Persians, Seljuks, Ottomans, Ancient Greeks and Romans.

 

Saint Gregorios Nazions, the founder of the Orthodox sect, started his first monastic life in Güzelyurt while he was living in and around Güzelyurt. With the natural wonder Ihlara and Monastery Valley, Kaya Mosque, St. With Gregorios Theologos Church, Red and High Church, Gelveri houses, Selime Cathedral, fairy chimneys, underground cities, spa tourism and dozens of other historical buildings, Güzelyurt contains all the beauties within Cappadocia.

 

With its rich cultural traditions, organic wine, impressive geographical structure and magnificent sunset, this beautiful town is a backyard that should be explored especially by those who want to have a magical time  in Cappadocia. Gelveri town is located 70 km’s from Nevşehir.

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Ortahisar Castle
Ortahisar

Ortahisar Castle, also known as the most spectacular fairy chimney of Cappadocia, is located in Ortahisar town of Nevşehir. Said to be one of the first multi-storey settlements in the world, this castle is surrounded by steep valleys on three sides. Its geography enabled the castle to be used for protection and shelter in ancient times. The castle, where the first settlement of the town started, became the center of Ortahisar in time with the settlements built around it.

The history of the castle is very old. After the Hittite, Phrygian, Lycian, Persian, Roman and Byzantine domination, the region came under the rule of the Turks. The castle, which has witnessed many victories and defeats throughout history, consists of chambers and tunnels built by carving rocks. It has a very rich cultural heritage and with this feature, it was the first region in Cappadocia to be opened to tourism.

Ortahisar Castle, which welcomes visitors with all its glory from the moment you step into the town of Ortahisar, provides a full adrenaline experience for those who fear heights. In the open air, all the beauty of Erciyes Mountain awaits you at Uçhisar Castle, İshak Pasha Castle greets those who turn their gaze to the east. Although the process is a bit painful while climbing to one of the highest points of Cappadocia, the beauty encountered at the summit is worth everything.

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Ortahisar Culture Museum
Ortahisar

It serves both as a museum and a restaurant. The museum, created by restoring the “Göreme Hotel” which is the first touristic hotel of Cappadocia, opened in 1954. The mansion has hosted many famous names from past to present. The famous novelist Yaşar Kemal stayed for 1 month and it inspired him to write the book "Fairy Chimneys".

The Culture Museum has 12 rooms and it narrates the people of Cappadocia Region in an ethnographic language. You can see the portraits of agricultural lifestyle, religious life, food culture, and other rituals through sculptures. If you wish, you can taste local food and beverages in the restaurant section.

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Hair Museum
Avanos

If we say one of the most interesting museums in the world, I think we would not be unfair. Since 1979, Avanos Hair Museum has been a memorial temple with more than 15 thousand women's hairs inside the cave. It is forbidden to take photographs in the museum, where women come to leave a pinch of hair. Because women who leave their hair also leave their names, phone numbers or even passport photos to find them later when they come to visit the hair museum again.

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Living Heritage Museum
Avanos

The museum, where the intangible cultural heritage of the region is kept alive, aims to hand down the traditions of Cappadocia to the next generations. The studies are ongoing, considering the "Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage" adopted by UNESCO in 2003.

In the museum; you can experience the shadow shows, minstrelsy and eulogy show, marbling art which are UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List of Turkey. You can also learn the cultural heritage of Cappadocia, such as weaving, culinary art, the tradition of birth, wedding, death and children's games.

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Özkonak Underground City
Avanos

Ozkonak which is the most important feature of small communication networks is built with tiny ventilation and communication holes, the largest of which is 8 cm, making the city different from other underground cities. According to available information, it is estimated that it dates back to the 4th century BC. They created a functional architecture to pour hot oil and acid onto the enemy at the time of the raid with other large and small holes they created.

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Tatlarin Underground City
Acıgöl

It is thought that Tatlarin Underground City serves a different purpose with its large halls and many churches. It is estimated that the city was used as a military garrison rather than civilian life. 3 skeletons had found that were thought to be belonging to the Romans. The main entrance has been demolished and the halls can be reached with a passage of 15 meters. The first underground toilets of the world were built in the underground city, where the connection between the departments was provided with sliding stones. Only 2 floors of Tatlarin Underground City are open to tourists.

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Güray Museum
Avanos

Guray Ceramic Museum, where you can see the world-famous old ceramics and pottery closely, was built as a result of carving and restoring the underground caves. The museum contains historical artifacts from centuries before Christ. By examining these works, you can discover the developing and changing habits of people.

Guray Museum consists of 3 separate sections according to the works exhibited. In the first part of the Antiquities Hall, the 20th-century items belonging to 5000 years before Christ. You can see the valuable ceramics and pottery made until the Ottoman Period. In the Second Modern Works Section, you can have a look at the artworks of the great ceramic masters who have lived and are still alive recently. In addition, you can find a cafe to relax, a library for reading, a special exhibition hall and a music area. In the third part, you can have a calm and pleasant walk in front of works of art such as sculpture, painting, and photography.

The tradition of pottery, which has been ongoing for 5 generations, is performed in a pottery workshop on the museum. The family presents its artworks for sale to its visitors in the sales office. In addition, contemporary exhibitions and concerts are held continuously in other art branches.

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Cappadocia Art and History Museum
Mustafapaşa

Cappadocia Art and History Museum, another name of which is Bebek Museum, is located in Mustafapaşa, which is about 5 km away from Ürgüp. There are nearly 3.000 dolls, all of which are handmade. What distinguishes Cappadocia Art and History Museum from other doll museums is that it bears the traces of world history. Each doll's telling of a period and the flow of history will make you have a long journey of culture and history. You will go to the past, learn about ancient times, and hark back nostalgic times. There are an additional café and boutique hotel in the museum area where you will witness the hosting of a 170-year-old mansion.

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Andrew Rogers Statues
Avanos


Australian sculptor Andrew Rogers built fascinating sculptures in Cappadocia in 2007 and 2009 as part of the " Rhythms of Life" project. The most important feature of the statues is that they can be seen from the sky. Rogers, whose works can be seen on Google Earth, reflects the cultural development of people in Cappadocia and the values ​​of the region in his works "horse, Cybele statue, seten stone, angel-faced bird, tree of life, double-bodied single-headed lion, stone age. and sculptures named as "the first temple".

 

Andrew Rogers’ statues describe the historical and natural beauties of Cappadocia with masterful symbols. Although they were made in modern history, they were authentically processed without damaging the texture of the region. One of the sculptures made by Rogers attracts attention with the gilding on it when the sun shines at sunset.

 

Tourists who want to see the masterpieces must use the natural routes to climb the hills of the region. After taking a deep breath after a pleasant journey, you will be witnessing history from a different perspective.

 

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Sobesos Ancient City
Ürgüp

Sobesos Ancient City was discovered by accident in 2002. The city, which is one of the mirrors of Cappadocia's history, was unearthed as a result of a 3-year archaeological excavation. As a result of the excavations, it has been observed that there are many motifs embroidered on colored stones. Especially the floor mosaics are made with interesting geometric patterns.

 

As a result of the motifs and the general architecture of the building, it was understood that it was from the Roman period. Although the exact boundaries of the city cannot be drawn, an administrative center, bathhouse, cemeteries and chapel have come to light. The meeting room covers an area of ​​approximately 400 meters.

 

The origin of the name Sobesos is based on the native people of Anatolia, Luwi. The original name of the city, Swa, is derived from Assa / Assos oges. The city was called Sobesos / Sobessos during the Roman and Byzantine periods with the changes its name went through in the following years.

 

Sobesos Ancient City is located in the region called Örencik by the villagers, near the source point of Damsa Stream, south of Şahinefendi Village of Ürgüp. It was strategically built on an area with very safe and fertile land

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Gomeda Valley
Mustafapaşa

Gomeda Valley is located to the west of Mustafapaşa Town, whose historical name is Sinasos. It is also intriguing with the stories about this valley, which is known for its mystical and spooky atmosphere as well as its beauties. Bey Creek accompanies visitors throughout this destination, which is among the must-see places in Cappadocia and is famous for its dovecotes carved into the rocks.

 

Gomeda Valley, also known as the "Small Ihlara Valley" due to its geomorphological similarity with Ihlara Valley, has a walking area of ​​7200 meters. The green nature throughout the valley and the pigeons that can be seen in summer create an admirable and beautiful landscape. At the beginning of the walking route of Gomeda Valley, the ruins of the Alakara Church greet the tourists. The history of the church, which is one of the dozens of works carved into the rocks, goes back to the Roman period.

 

Many surprises await visitors on the route of Gomeda Valley. After passing an underground city with closed passages and a rock arch, St. Basilios Church, which is thought to have been built in the Byzantine Iconoclast period, about 1400 years ago, adds an extra beauty to the trip.

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Pigeon Valley
Uçhisar

Güvercinlik (Pigeon) Valley, an essential part of the list of must-see places in Cappadocia, is located between Uçhisar and Göreme. The nests carved into the rocks for pigeons in the valley continue to host many species of pigeons today. In the valley, which has a length of approximately 4100 meters, there is a 10 - 15 meter high waterfall that fascinates its every visitor.

 

In Güvercinlik Valley, the expectations of the visitors who want to witness history while integrating with nature are met. It is possible to come across those who take walks, participate in yoga activities and have a pleasant time alone with nature in the destination, which is characterized by the magnificent view that creates a fascinating effect on each visitor. There are areas marked in red in the valley so that explorers do not lose their way. Those who do not comply with these measures, due to the presence of blind spots in the valley, may have to pass through the places where they have already walked once again. Apart from the dovecotes, there are also historical ruins such as the Tığraz Underground Refuge and a bulgur mill in ruins that must be seen.

 

Güvercinlik Valley can also be explored by a bird's eye view. Uçhisar Castle, one of the most popular destinations of Cappadocia, greets the valley from above.

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Love Valley
Göreme

Love Valley, also known as the Valley of Lovers, is among the meeting points in Cappadocia for those who want to witness a magnificent visuality as well as those who want to experience romance to the fullest. This valley, which is one of the must-see places in Cappadocia, has a length of 4900 meters. The vineyards and fruit trees in the valley, which fascinates every visitor with its impressive fairy chimneys, are expressed as the closest companions of the visitors.

 

Love Valley, located within the borders of Göreme, is one of the places where the sunrise and sunset can be watched the most wonderfully. The feast created by the balloons floating in the air must also be witnessed. As a matter of fact, it is not in vain that it is among the favorite destinations of local and foreign tourists visiting Cappadocia. Access to the Love Valley is also very easy. Although there are two different entrances to the track, it is a bit difficult to start hiking in the valley. When the obstacles are overcome, a pleasant adventure can begin.

 

If you are visiting Cappadocia, you should definitely visit the valley among the other symbolic regions. You can make one of the best choices by visiting Cappadocia to experience romantic moments with your loved one or to witness a visual feast with your family.

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Gülşehir Open Palace Archaeological Site
Gülşehir

The mushroom-shaped fairy chimneys exceptional to the region, found at Gülşehir Açıksaray archaeological site, an important center of the Roman period, are unique. It is estimated that the history of the region, which is about 3 kilometers away from Gülşehir and also called the Open Palace Museum, dates back to 1000 years ago. While many of the architectural works in the region, which are among the favorite preferences of those who want to witness the history while walking, are in ruins, the atmosphere they created must be witnessed.

 

Gülşehir Açıksaray, which has many caves including multi-storey underground cities from ancient times, can be cited as examples of places that are highly recommended to visit, such as the Boğalı Church, Backgammon, Küçük Saray settlement, Four Column Monastery, Twelve Column Church and Staircase House.

 

The Open Palace Museum, which should be among the indispensable destinations of Cappadocia trips, is a frequent destination for those who want to take nature and history walks. A long hiking trail from the valley in the archaeological site, which has free entrance to Çat Town, can be experienced and exclusive photo frames can be captured.

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